Statoil committed to spending US$300 million to construct three production platforms and a pipeline. [28] The government of Mr Ahmadinejad, who came to power in 2005, has favoured local firms over foreign companies in the energy and other sectors.[27]. H. Rahimpour-Bonab, B. Esrafili-Dizaji, V. Tavakoli (2010) Dolomitization and Anhydrite Precipitation in Permo-Triassic Carbonates at the South Pars Gasfield, Offshore Iran: Controls on Reservoir Quality. [27], Development of a South Pars phase by the Norwegian Statoil company has become infamous after extensive report of misconduct and bribery to the Horton Investments, an Iranian consultancy firm owned by Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, son of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani. The North Field, as Qatar calls it, provides almost all the emirate’s … The plant uses 330 million cubic feet per day (9.3×10^6 m3/d) of natural gas from the Al Khaleej Gas project. The Persian Gulf is home to one of the largest independent gas reservoirs in the world. In 2006, Qatar surpassed Indonesia as the world's largest LNG exporter. [15], Table 1 - South Pars/North Field gas reserves, Note: 1 km³ = 1,000,000,000 m³ = 1 Billion m³ = 1 Trillion Liters, However, since the field is a common field and the reservoir is highly homogenous, the ultimate recoverable reserves of each country may vary from this technical assessment which only considers the static data and does not include rate of gas migration. President.ir – Phases 13, 22, 23, 24 of South Pars Gas Field officially started operation on Saturday on Dr Rouhani’s order. The 2:1 ratio of Qatar's cumulative gas production from the field to Iran's is forecasted to continue at least for the short term: by the end of 2011, Qatar's total cumulative production from the field will reach 41 trillion cubic feet (1.2 trillion cubic metres) of natural gas, while Iran's will stand at 21 trillion cubic feet (590 billion cubic metres) of natural gas in the same year. [37][38], As at 2012, some 400 Iranian companies were taking part in the development of the South Pars gas field through supplying equipment to related projects. Most of the phases are fully operational at the moment. After that, six exploration, appraisal and development wells were envisaged to be drilled before the field could be developed. [34], Once the eight remaining phases are fully developed by 2014, the facility will produce a total of 320,000 barrels per day (51,000 m3/d) of natural gas condensates and 4 million tons of sulfur as well as an annual sum of 4.4 million tons of LPG and 4 million tons of ethane gas. In-place volumes are estimated to be around 1,800 trillion cubic feet (51 trillion cubic metres) gas in place and some 50 billion barrels (7.9 billion cubic metres) of natural gas condensate in place. This field was discovered in 1966, and on July 6 the same year the first drilling hole reached the gas deposit. Qatar has two LNG companies called Qatargas and RasGas and both are located in the Ras Laffan Industrial Port on the coast of Persian Gulf. In 1984 it was decided that development would occur in phases. North Pars Gas Fied. The remaining 6,000 square kilometers, called North Dome, are situated in Qatar’s territorial waters. [11], According to International Energy Agency (IEA), the combined structure is the world's largest gas field.[1]. The Persian Gulf is home to one of the largest independent gas reservoirs in the world. Gas production started from the field by commissioning phase 2 in December 2002 to produce 1 billion cubic feet per day (28 million cubic metres per day) of wet gas. This switched emphasis to domestic outlets. Phases 27 and 28 development was assigned to. South Pars reserves account for almost 40% of Iran’s total natural gas reserves. South Pars/North Dome gas field is the world’s largest gas field that is located on the joint borderline between Iran and Qatar, The gas reserves of this huge gas field comprise about 8% of the total gas reserves of the world. Location map of the South Pars gas field (black rectangle) and its Qatari part, North Field, in Persian Gulf waters. By clicking “Create Account” , you agree to NrgEdge's Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy. [18], In 2005, Qatar Petroleum became worried the North Dome's reserves were being developed too quickly, which could reduce reservoir pressure and possibly damage its long-term production potential. [35] Economic studies show with the operation of each South Pars phase, one percent is added to the country's gross domestic product (GDP), while phase 12 will add more than three percent of GDP. Based on the massive gas resources of the field, Qatar is developing the world biggest LNG export facilities in order to reach the capacity of 77 million metric ton per year by 2012 (see table below).[57]. The world's largest gas field is known as South Pars in Iran's territory with its Qatari extension referred to as the North Dome. 1. Based on the current Qatar planned projects, production of LNG from North Dome Field may reach to 23 billion cubic feet (650 million cubic metres) to 27 billion cubic feet (760 million cubic metres) per day by 2012, any further increase in the production level of the Qatari side of the field is subject to the result of the ongoing study by Qatar Petroleum which is supposed to be released in 2012. Iran Oil Ministry Annual Bulletin, 5th Edition, (available in Persian)(كتاب نفت و توسعه). North Pars Gas Field is one of the biggest independent gas fields of the country. [23], The South Pars Field was discovered in 1990 by National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: natural gas field: Location: Iran: 26° 40′ 50.16″ N, 51° 40′ 40.08″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q1513795. Qatar Petroleum, Speech by Qatar’s Minister of Energy and Industry, Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2003, World Gas Intelligence Vol.XIX, No.51, December 17, 2008 - Page 4. [22], On 29 October 2007, Qatargas CEO Faisal Al Suwaidi stated that the 5-year moratorium on new North Field gas development projects, imposed in 2005, could be extended to 2011 or 2012. Das South-Pars-Gasfeld (englisch South Pars Gas-Condensate field) ist inklusive des Nord-Felds (englisch North Dome Field) das größte bisher entdeckte Gasfeld der Welt, das nicht Teil einer Erdöllagerstätte ist. With falling oil and associated gas production, and depletion of the Khuff reserves, developing the North field became imperative. Referring to development of joint fields as a priority, he said West Karoun oilfields production had reached 400,000 barrels per day seven years ago. The South Pars/North Dome field is a natural-gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf. Enditem It is by far the world's largest natural gas field. The South Pars / North Dome field is a natural gas condensate field located in the Persian Gulf.It is the world's largest gas field, shared between Iran and Qatar. 1997: Qatar begins exporting by sending 5.7 billion cubic feet (160 million cubic metres) (0.16, 2005: Qatar exports a total of 987 billion cubic feet (27.9 billion cubic metres) (27.9 million tons) of LNG. [26] Each of the phases is estimated to have an average capital spend of around US$1.5 billion, and most will be led by foreign oil firms working in partnership with local companies. The field is estimated to contain a significant amount of natural gas, accounting for about eight percent of the world’s reserves, and approximately 18 billion barrels of condensate. The extraction of gas will add some 14.2 million cubic meters a day to its current output of more than 800 million cubic meters a day, it said. Consequently, China switched to developing Iran’s oil and gas fields – including the South Azadegan, North Yaran, and South Yaran oil fields, and the South Pars gas site – by engaging in a series of ‘contract-only’ projects, such as drilling-only, field maintenance-only, parts replacement-only, storage-only, technology-only, and so on. Qatar has several gas fields within its territorial waters. As the world's largest gas field shared between Iran and Qatar, the South Pars field, also known as North Dome field, holds an estimated 1,800 trillion cubic feet of in-situ natural gas and some 50 billion barrels of natural gas condensate, according to the International Energy Agency, a Paris-based intergovernmental organization. [59], Table 3. Es wird von Katar und Iran beansprucht und ausgebeutet. The extraction of gas will add some 14.2 million cubic meters a day to its current output of more than 800 million cubic meters a day, it said. [4] On the list of natural gas fields it has almost as much recoverable reserves as all the other fields combined. Phases 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 27 and 28 are under different development stages. [21] Further supporting evidence for skepticism about the real scale of Qatari's reserves came from the 2008 exploration round in Qatar to target exploration of gas in the pre-Khuff formation. While several phases of South Pars gas field are still waiting for development and the ongoing development phases are facing delays, NIOC authorities are conducting negotiations for development of other Iranian offshore gas fields like North Pars, Kish, Golshan, Ferdows and Lavan. [17], The field is rich in liquids and yields approximately 40 barrels (6.4 m3) of condensate per 1 million cubic feet (28×10^3 m3) of gas. North Pars gas field was discovered in 1963 following a 3D seismic test. [32][33] As of December 2010, about $30 billion have been invested in South Pars gas fields' development plan. In 1989 a gas sweetening plant and sulfur processing unit were added. Qatar produced about 20 trillion cubic feet (570 billion cubic metres) of natural gas in the period of 1997 to 2008, while Iran produced about 10 trillion cubic feet (280 billion cubic metres) of natural gas in the period of 2003 to 2008. The offshore gas field was discovered in 1965 and received approval for operation in 1977 after the completion of 17 drilling wells. South Pars Gas Field phases 13, 22, 23, 24 officially start operation. It is the world’s largest gas field, shared between Iran and Qatar. The first design to operate this field was approved in 1977 and after drilling 17 wells and installation of 26 maritime platforms and due to commencement of Islamic revolution and the imposed war the project was stopped. The vast offshore gas field, which Doha calls the North Field and Iran calls South Pars, accounts for nearly all of Qatar’s gas production and around 60 percent of its export revenue. Bahar gas field: updates on construction Oil&Gas 10:49 Head of Iran-Turkey Joint Chamber of Commerce discusses trade relations Business 10:48 Construction progress at Gum Deniz field – … Many Iranian energy analysts believe that NIOC authorities should focus on full development of South Pars field prior to conduction of any new project for development of other undeveloped Iranian offshore gas fields. Iran begins extraction of natural gas from an offshore rig at South Pars, the largest gas field in the world which is shared between Iran and Qatar, said the country's official media. Download : Download full-size image; Fig. [29][30], The Oil Ministry has called for the issue of more than $12 billion worth of bonds for a period of three years. Qatar rapidly expanded its production and exports from North Dome Field. At… Download : Download full-size image; Fig. The Iranian side accounts for 10% of the world’s total gas reserves, 60% of which belong to Iran. Shared between Iran and Qatar, the Iranian section of this giant field is called South Pars, while the Qatari section is named North Dome. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: natural gas field: Location: Iran: 26° 40′ 50.16″ N, 51° 40′ 40.08″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q1513795. However, the development was abandoned for a long time due to the Islamic Revolution in 1979. Production from the field however only kicked off twelve years later in 1978. The ORYX GTL plant was commissioned in early 2007, as the first operational GTL plant in Qatar. The North Field, as Qatar calls it, provides almost all the emirate’s gas production and around 60 percent of its export revenues. The field is located about 100 km offshore of Iran in the Persian Gulf and extends into the neighboring country, Qatar, where it is known as the North Field . [citation needed], The Iranian section also holds 18 billion barrels (2.9 billion cubic metres) of condensate in place of which some 9 billion barrels (1.4 billion cubic metres) are believed to be recoverable,[16] while Qatari section believed to contains some 30 billion barrels (4.8×109 m3) of condensate in place and at least some 10 billion barrels (1.6 billion cubic metres) of recoverable condensate. The prospects for further growth in Qatari gas production beyond 2012 are clouded by the uncertainty created by a moratorium on new export projects, which was imposed in 2005 while the effect of existing projects on North Field reservoirs was studied.[1]. [20], The 2005 moratorium by Qatar and the subsequent extension of that raised some questions about the actual proven reserves in Qatari side of the field. Shell has 100% of the equity in the integrated upstream and plant project. The remaining 6,000 square kilometers, called North Dome, are situated in Qatar’s territorial waters. 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