"���@~�ݎ���-w Z �v���K~��w�\�A3�&m��20�?�����n��C�k4�fn�f���5���sB[Wc�/&�F��s����7LzQ;�}�al���ºGn����D\O��0pi�I�bA&�ifB/�5ش�B�\��\�z1�EjOS6��@M63,��6�&eq�#3�#u�����b��+6 ���$}#���y�I[+C���d�rs[(i6�� ����j5C�Q:�]��@��Iߘ;�`jsߖ3;��n�A�f|��.4 q�������g�� ��\i737p8�C�M2�um8p��8�0��,5՟��3 �N�ZF� c�y�|�RxJ�b�� G!���qS�tno6�;�Bh�8��v�Z/�����A�0%5��*��a�涨�3݃z?� ��M����������%��ʄB�J>����Pn����1�@q���Ȝ獣Y߉��(� Leafy shoots have a limited life span; the first year is mainly for vegetative growth, the second year for Ornamental Ginger, Red and Pink . The oleoresin content varies from 4 to 10% known as gingerol that contributes to the taste and smell. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. The part that is used as spice on the plant itself is the rhizomes or ginger root. The roots of ginger are of two types, fibrous and fleshy. In both plants the underground stem (rhizome) is the commercial product. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. �6D�K���z���[�sqTX��ؗ;D�������~��$80�V k��s�7��by���2043-`��,�,����ˢ�|����-��oFf�+>��v����]?��L�ʨ�`O?d������Q3�h082�� 2l�!�#6���{�"˨ ` ӝT� endstream endobj 154 0 obj <> endobj 155 0 obj <>/Resources<>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 65 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.28 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 156 0 obj <>stream We know that Ginger reached the West a couple of thousand years ago from tax records left behind by the Romans. Ginger Jamaica Yellow Variety Botanical Name and Origin: Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) has its origins in Asia and was introduced by the Spanish to Jamaica in the early ... Table 6: Jamaica’s Total Ginger Imports in 2017 Description kg J$ US$ Country Year Ginger, neither crushed nor … Description. h�b```�V��B �ae`a�p�����ɠA��I�����~3 �y�.ĩ(� The plant has narrow; lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long leaves which die of each year. The Root: The root is underground part of the plant and develops from elongation of radicle of the embryo. Generally, only the genus and species are of importance to small scale cultivation. Major genera and species. ginger are the most sortafter ginger in the international - market though the whole dry ginger commands higher price because of the longer time it takes for the product to get dried-up and ready for sales. An invaluable resource for new and experienced gardeners alike, our plant-finder tool enables you to search for care tips by plant type and other key characteristics. It is native to tropical south-east Asia and cultivated in the West Indies, Africa and China. The roots of ginger are of two types, fibrous and fleshy. In Western tradition, Ginger is most often used in sweets— gingerbread and ginger snaps being two examples. Plants are generally classified as follows. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. The plant is erect, has many fibrous roots, aerial shoots (pseudostem) with leaves, and the underground stem (rhizome). Schumann, is a tall, upright, herbaceous, evergreen A shoot … Plant Description The cardamom plant is a 2-4 m tall herbaceous perennial with branched subterranean rhizomes from which several leafy shoots arise, forming a clump. The plant is indigenous to Southeast Asia and is cultivated in a number of countries including India. The fresh or green ginger refers to the newly harvested ginger with little or no loss in moisture content; this type of ginger is not in hot demand in the international market because of the length of time it takes for the product to dry up. %�쏢 Where does the "ginger" belong? �c�� t�ls�^�u�,�+m7�`�ǹ�a�8Aа��q���N W�͓�A1��h�������UnhX�����|�'�?��y�9`�ös0�8�ɏhP��(�� ���;���ӗ��7�� W5��Q��/��=]���xR��4��eY�e�� PDF | The chemical composition and antioxidant activity (in aqueous and solvent extracts) of Ginger root (Zingiber officinale) were determined. This family covers up to 24 genus and around 300 species. %PDF-1.5 BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION Ginger is a species included in the Zingiberaceae family. The rhizome is considered the most useful part of the plant. Fk; Physical description. Ginger belongs to the genus Zingiberand turmeric to Curcuma. The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. Ginger History - Origin and Regional Uses of Ginger. Where does the "ginger" belong? subterranean stalk of a plant that shoots out the root system. The knobby rhizome is dug up when the 1 meter tall leaves and stems of the plant wither, which occurs between 6 and 12 months after planting. Curcuma amada is a perennial plant growing around 80cm tall. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. the use of ginger root as a treatment for dyspepsia and prophylactic against motionsickness (Blumenthal, 1998). A featured ingredient in many Asian dishes, Ginger has a hot, fragrant flavor when used as a kitchen spice. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Originates from parts of the plant other than radicle. 1992. Top of page. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc. Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. It has a yellowish creeping rootstock, slightly jointed, with thin rootlets from the joints. Botanical Description Ginger is a perennial plant up to one meter high. stream 153 0 obj <> endobj 183 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<26C195F4FB544168BEB37B96ABD31824>]/Index[153 45]/Info 152 0 R/Length 137/Prev 646239/Root 154 0 R/Size 198/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Major genera and species. x��=ko]�q�$�2%P"�Hb$��tl�+��}�q�TI�y���`�S�( r�?Н}���E�_j��������ή� ���0ÿ��/o���l���Ͼ/~����}; ���~�Ƶ��2-zx�}�������`���޼��n�����O�>������F�&Ň7�w�o�k��7���ϓk���RFr��.���r �y��£���` ���؎n�y��܌�̊\߷�[.�5v�K�o;[_.ml�? Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. in height,. Publication Author Huxley. The primary plant used medicinally is Zingiber officinale. Table 2.2 Shelf life of wild ginger according to respondents 29 Table 2.3 The botanical name, Zulu name, number of respondents and 30 plant ranking according to the number of traditional healers Table 3.1 Effect of harvesting period on yield of wild ginger 42 Table 3.2 Effect of growth structures on yield of wild ginger … In Western tradition, Ginger is most often used in sweets like gingerbread or ginger snaps. Ginger is in three (3) forms namely: fresh or green ginger, whole dry ginger and split dry ginger. )is a creeping perennial on a thick tuberous rhizome, which spreads under ground. The compound leaves are spirally arranged; each leaf is 20–30 cm (about 8–12 inches) long and consists of a terminal leaflet and two to four pairs of leaflets. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. The plant is native to Asia but is now cultivated in the West Indies, Africa, India, and other tropical regions. Plants are classified in several different ways. The above ground shoot is erect and reed-like with linear leaves that are arranged alternately on the stem. The seed rhizome looks similar to the mature ginger you find in the grocery store however unlike the supermarket ginger, this seed ginger is certified disease-free and certified organic. The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. Ginger is a spice and medicinal plant gaining attention in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries. ~ There are well over 200 published studies and articles on Ginger, a PDF showing their titles, authors and when and where they were published can be found here. Internal use of Ginger is best known as a digestive aid and for Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. Safety of Ginger Unfortunately, as with many of the greatly popular herbs, many cautions have crept into the literature that are not well supported by either science or experience. h�bbd```b``��� �ID���HV_0{=��L� ����^�VfO��f���"`�� �f1��K��| ��)=Dz�����@�� 2K$�V�"-A*�*�30]�v3#��L�_ W} endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 197 0 obj <>stream Plant classification has additional groupings that animal classification does not. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species name Zingiber officinale.Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale .This scientific name can be used to define a tropic Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger. Ginger is a tropical plant with a long growing season and the seed is pre-sprouted … Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. The potato is one of some 150 tuber-bearing species of the genus Solanum (a tuber is the swollen end of an underground stem). Ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc.) The … It is then prepared for market Ginger (or more precisely ginger root) is a rhizome of a flowering plant with the same name – ginger. Leek, Allium ampeloprasum, also known as Allium porrum, is a biennial vegetable in the family Liliaceae, grown for its edible bulb and leaves.The plant is a slightly developed bulb attached to a cylindrical stem formed by the overlapping thick, flat leaves. Use this Plant Encyclopedia to find inspiration for new landscape designs, planters and containers, raised garden beds, and more. A featured ingredient in many Asian dishes, Ginger has a hot, fragrant flavour when used as a kitchen spice. types of root systems Tap root system Fibrous root system Adventitious root system Originates from radicle. The rhizome is brown, with a corky outer layer and pale-yellow scented center. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses.The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom.Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers … Farmers can make gold out of it, if they follow the proper farm management practices. After planting, many roots having indefinite growth grow out of the base of the sprouts. This crop needs rhizomes for vegetative propagation. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. the plant is not known in the wild, and its exact origin is not clear. Kent D. Kobayashi, Janette McEwen, and Andrew J. Kaufman Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences. 5 0 obj Ginger is a perennial root which creeps and increases underground, in tuberous joints; in the spring it sends up from its roots a green reed, like a stalk, 2 feet high, … This root we use as a spice and as medicine since the ancient times. Ginger is the underground stem (rhizome) of a perennial herb, which is used as a spice and as a preserve. Ginger can be grown in greenhouse, indoors, containers, pots, and backyards. Originates from base of the stem. R. ed ginger, Alpinia purpurata (Vieillard) K. Flowers . www.WindcrestOrganics.com Ginger is a rhizome that grows underground from a seed piece (sometimes called the “mother”). 2.2. Producing clusters of white and pink flower The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses.The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom.Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers … Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. ... for its root, which is used medicinally and as a mild ginger spice[200. The plant is a perennial, rhizomatous, herbaceous plant native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, that requires temperatures between 20 and 30 °C (68 and 86 °F) and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive. Ginger is a herb but is often known as a spice, with a strong distinct flavor that can increase the production of saliva. Ginger is grown throughout South Eastern Asia, China and in parts of Japan, Austria, L atin America, Jamaica and Africa. In the first year, a green, erect reed like stem about 60 cm high grows from this rhizome. *��?V�Qj����7[>wa�Pz��vR:��K��b��c���5��g�6��� �Q��W9�~�e���FO���Nj�/{Pp(�� A{��""�o^�/�!���. Ginger, valued as a spice has been used through ages in almost all systems of medicine against many a maladies. The plant can produce clusters of white, pink or purple flowers and blue-black seeds in the second year. Ginger's culinary qualities are a delight, but its health benefits are simply stunning. Ginger contains about 1.5-2.5% volatile oil, mainly zingiberine that contributes to the aroma. �R�T��N�y�3�٣���ɴP��(�72�8*݌'52� �iDL�S0��M�;+\�4WS#���,�e�j\�c�� The Greeks and Romans thought Ginger came from an Arabian region because it was imported from India across the Red Sea. h��V�n�8��PE2��Zd%��m�&݅��fl!2eHt���%97ȱ�}X/g8�����P��0/��#��z�W�v@|`�uJ�X8>V�p�r�)XXar�b=�.��A�ݲ0$3���̥I2 �h�u�B���|�1��sJ^�s��y~�cS7����x�md�g��9�vza����U�È�s The plant is erect, has many fibrous roots, aerial shoots (pseudostem) with leaves, and the underground stem (rhizome). �0��6ƥ�>�.�^*Wz�6�n�sv�/1��>�%ؓ�$}l��IV*'�?��ĺ]�I���%p]���F�_W7�������n�.c]�S�+�XC��҅Z��ߪ���B��4YDz�*Baj��0�T���O�dk����en��,�59��K�Ȗ�^��DG�H�ڽ$/� ���$���� dmp����(��4��4�b�b)� �ܷ��z�����<. Ginger essential oil is derived from the fresh rhizome of the ginger plant, the subterranean stalk of a plant that shoots out the root system. A solitary bell-shaped flower, dull brown or brownish purple, drooping between the two leaf stems, woolly, the inside darker than the outside and of a satiny texture, the fruit a leathery six-celled capsule. %PDF-1.4 %���� Ginger, Zingiber officinale, is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant in the family Zingiberaceae grown for its edible rhizome (underground stem) which is widely used as a spice. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species name Zingiber officinale.Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale .This scientific name can be used to define a tropic Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger. Ginger flowers have an aromatic smell and the bruised stem a characteristic fragrance, but the root is considered the most useful part of the plant, and must not be used under a year's growth. Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. After planting, many roots having indefinite growth grow out of the base of the sprouts. Ginger is the common name for Zingiber officinale, which was originally cultivated in China and now equally spread around the world. The plant parts used for both culinary and medicinal purposes are the rhizomes, the root-like stems that grow underground. However, it is important to understand how plants are classified on all levels and how they relate to other plants. Various ginger types have been characterized in Malaysia, for example, the 'haliyabetai', the true ginger possessing pale-coloured rhizomes and the 'haliya bara' and 'haliya indang' with very … The peeling has to be done very thinly or the richest part of the resin and volatile oil is lost. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. Botanical: Ginger The root (or more appropriately, rhizome) of the ginger plant has a long history as both a culinary spice and as a medicinal ingredient.Freshly picked, ginger is hot, pungent with an almost spicy intensely aromatic taste reminiscent of both cardamom and chili pepper. Ginger is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green flowers. A. Ginger first appeared in the southern parts of the ancient China. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. �������/ ^�|�L.� yield of dry ginger is 19-25% of fr esh ginger (Sh asikaran et al, 2008). We also know that Ginger It is a perennial reed-like plant with leafy stems and grows to 3-4 feet tall. The ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial grown as an annual crop. Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. <> The rhizome is buff coloured, laterally compressed, bearing The white, lavender, or purple flowers have five fused petals and yellow stamens. the Zingiberaceae family of plants. 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