Intersectionality suggests that various forms of oppression– such as racism, classism, and sexism — are interrelated to form a system of oppression in which various forms of discrimination intersect. Sociological Research Online 2012 17: 2, 1-17 Download Citation. Friedrich Engels, a German sociologist, studied family structure and gender roles from a Marxist perspective. Contemporary conflict theorists suggest that when women become wage earners, they gain power in the family structure and create more democratic arrangements in the home, although they may still carry the majority of the domestic burden. Thus, when people perform tasks or possess characteristics based on the gender role assigned to them, they are said to be doing gender (rather than “being” gender), a notion first coined by West and Zimmerman (1987). In light of this theory, the oppression and marginalization of women is thus shaped not only by gender, but by other factors such as race and class. Describe gender inequality from the view of the functionalist perspective. 4 Summary. Nevertheless, Blau, et al. Evidence of gender stratification is especially keen within the economic realm. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Symbolic interactionism aims to understand human behavior by analyzing the critical role of symbols in human interaction. Recall from Chapter 1 “Sociology and the Sociological Perspective” that functionalist theory assumes that the various structures and processes in society exist because they serve important functions for society’s stability and continuity. A Female Indian Construction: While the structural-functionalist perspective argues that gender inequalities exist as a form of the division of labor, the photograph above clearly illustrates that women need not be restricted to certain activities. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Scholars of this perspective study how individuals act within society, and believe that meaning is produced through the interactions of individuals. Testosterone is a sex hormone, which is more present in males than females, and affects development and behavior both before and after birth. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Gender, on the other hand, is a social classification based on one's identity, presentation of self, behavior, and interaction with others. Sociologists view gender as learned behavior and a culturally produced identity, and as such, it is a social category. this page. The feminist perspective of gender stratification more recently takes into account intersectionality, a feminist sociological theory first highlighted by feminist-sociologist Kimberlé Crenshaw. If the interaction is in danger of ending before an individual wants it to, it can be conserved through several steps. Social interaction includes all language, including body language and mannerisms. September 17, 2013. 2006 points out that understanding contextual factors and their interactions with gender within organizational contexts are essential for a holistic understanding of gender stratification. She argues that a class orientation is crucial in gender research and should not be merely replaced by a new focus on sexuality. The complexity of intersectionality. Therefore, their approach is normative in that it prescribes changes to the power structure, advocating a balance of power between genders. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance”. According to conflict theory, society is defined by a struggle for dominance among social groups that compete for scarce resources. Gender stratification is the cuts across all aspects of social life and social classes. One conversational partner can conform to the expectations of the other, he or she can ignore certain incidents, or he or she can solve apparent problems. Age stratification brings together the deceptively elusive individual characteristic of age, and the complex and dynamic social phenomenon of stratification. Social Stratification, Gender and Sport Participation. This theory suggests that gender inequalities exist as an efficient way to create a division of labor, or as a social system in which particular segments are clearly responsible for certain, respective acts of labor. In sociology, interactionism is a theoretical perspective that understands social processes (such as conflict, cooperation, identity formation) as emerging from human interaction. Gender stratification. Feminism focuses on the theory of patriarchy as a system of power that organizes society into a complex of relationships based on the assertion of male supremacy. Both masculinity and feminity are performed gender identities, in the sense that gender is something we do or perform, not something we are . The goal of social interaction is to communicate with others. Acker, Joan. Describe gender from the view of the interactionalist perspective. The functional theory of stratification: Some neglected considerations. Gender stratification occurs when gender differences give men greater privilege and power over women, transgender and gender-non-conforming people. Therefore, various forms of oppression do not act independently but are interrelated. Mary Ann Weathers demonstrates intersectionality in action in “An Argument for Black Women’s Liberation as a Revolutionary Force.” In this publication, Weathers reveals that in the twentieth century, working-class women of color embodied the notion of intersectionality. In the context of gender, conflict theory argues that gender is best understood as men attempting to maintain power and privilege to the detriment of women. Hormones are chemical substances secreted by glands throughout the body and carried in the bloodstream. Crompton, Rosemary. 2006. The functionalist perspective sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This chapter sets forth a general theory of gender stratifica- tion. A general theory of gender stratification. Intersectionality suggests that various biological, social and cultural categories, including gender, race, class and ethnicity, interact and contribute towards systematic social inequality. 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